ISBN 978-3-947971-07-7

5th International Conference on Smart Monitoring, Assessment and Rehabilitation of Civil Structures



SMAR 2019 is the fifth conference on Smart Monitoring, Assessment and Rehabilitation of Civil Structures to be held at Potsdam, Germany, from 27 to 29 August 2019, co-organised by Empa, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM) and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung (DGZfP). It is a follow-up of the biannual successful SMAR conference series starting in 2011 in Dubai, 2013 in Istanbul, 2015 in Antalya and 2017 in Zurich. SMAR 2019 in Potsdam, Germany proceeds with presenting innovative materials and technologies for structural health monitoring as well as rehabilitation, such as application of Smart Fibre Optic sensors, Fibre Reinforced Polymers, Shape Memory Alloys, most recent advances in the application of Deep Learning and Data Science in Structural Engineering and much more.

As an interdisciplinary research institute of the ETH Domain, Empa, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, conducts cutting-edge materials and technology research. Empa’s R&D activities focus on meeting the requirements of industry and the needs of society, and thus link applications-oriented research to the practical implementation of new ideas. The Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM) is a senior scientific and technical Federal institute with responsibility to the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. BAM tests, researches and advises to protect people, the environment and material goods and sets and represents high standards for safety in technology and chemistry for Germany and for its global markets.

The German Society for Non-Destructive Testing (DGZfP) is a non-profit organisation and the body which coordinates all NDT activities in Germany. DGZfP has always attached particular importance to the training of NDT personnel. Courses and examinations are now held in nine NDT methods at three different levels. DGZfP also offers initial and advanced radiation protection training in accordance with the relevant guidelines.

Potsdam is one of the most attractive communes in Germany. The city is characterising by worldknown castles and gardens, arts and culture. Science and sports are integral parts of the capital of the federal German state Brandenburg. Numerous waterways und wide landscape and the vicinity to Berlin make Potsdam a never forgettable place. The Potsdam region is listed as UNESCO cultural heritage.

The conference is hosting 245 scientists and experts from around the world to present their solutions and findings in the following areas:

  • Structural Health Monitoring
  • Performance and damage assessment
  • Damage control, repair and strengthening, fire protection
  • Durability of material systems and structures related to harsh environment
  • Non-destructive testing
  • Practical applications and case studies
  • Visionary concepts, deep learning

In addition to the regular sessions, several special sessions as follows were organised:

  • Strengthening, Monitoring and Life-cycle Assessment of Metallic Structures
  • Durability and Corrosion Monitoring of Concrete Infrastructures
  • SHM between Research and Application: New Concepts for New Technologies
  • Testing‚ Inspection‚ Monitoring and Repair of Offshore Wind Energy Converters
  • Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) for Engineering Applications

SMAR 2019 is sponsored jointly by the Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Empa, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung (DGZfP), the International Society for Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure (ISHMII), International Institute of FRP in Construction (IIFC), the Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Turkey, the International Association for Bridge Maintenance and Safety (IABMAS), International Union of Laboratories and Experts in Construction Materials, Systems and Structures (rilem) as well as Sensors – Open Access Journal and Materials – Open Access Journal.

The proceedings contain a total of 182 papers written by authors from around countries worldwide. The contributions include interesting Keynote Papers on condition assessment in reinforced concrete with or without FRP strengthening and bridge structures, near surface mounted technique, monitoring and UHPFRC technology, concrete bridges in China and seismic performance of existing structures.

We would like to thank all authors for preparing their work towards this compilation, which will undoubtedly serve as a useful reference to practitioners, researchers, students and academics and allied disciplines. Special thanks are due to Members of the International Scientific Committee, who reviewed the papers carefully. The support of the sponsoring organisations and companies is gratefully acknowledged. We are indebted to our colleagues in Organisation Committee. Thanks to the Empa, BAM and DGZfP conference team, Steffi Dehlau, Anne Zimmermann and Bernadette Havranek the conference secretaries, for their tireless efforts and quick responses to many demands of the conference.

We wish you a succesful conference and a good stay in Potsdam.

Rosemarie Helmerich (BAM), Masoud Motavalli (Empa) and Alper Ilki (ITU)
Co-Chairs, SMAR 2019
August 2019

Institutional sponsors


Conference Chairs

Name Company Country
Rosemarie Helmerich BAM Germany
Alper Ilki Istanbul Technical University Turkey
Masoud Motavalli Empa Switzerland

Conference Secretariat

Name Company Country
Steffi Dehlau DGZfP Germany

International Scientific Committee

Name Company Country
Bülent Akbas Gebze Technical University Turkey
Screenivas Alampalli NYSDOT USA
Riadh Al-Mahaidi Swinbourne University of Technology Australia
Giuseppina Amato Queen's University Belfast UK
Matthias Baessler BAM Germany
Yu Bai Monash University Australia
Larry C. Bank The City College of New York USA
Joaquim Barros University of Minho Portugal
Matthias Bartholmai BAM Germany
Jan Bien Wroclaw University of Technology Poland
Luke A. Bisby The University of Edinburgh UK
Bruno Briseghella Fuzhou University China
James Brownjohn Full Scale Dynamics UK
Andreas Brunner Empa Switzerland
Erdem Canbay Middle East Technical University Turkey
Anders Carolin Trafikverket Sweden
Joan Ramon Casas University of Catalonia Spain
F. Necati Catbas University of Central Florida USA
Zekai Celep Istanbul Technical University Turkey
Oguz Cem Celik Istanbul Technical University Turkey
Eleni Chatzi ETH Zürich Switzerland
Jian-Fei Chen Queen's University Belfast UK
Antoni Cladera Universitat de les Illes Balears Spain
Pierluigi Colombi Politecnico di Milano Italy
Alvaro Cunha University of Porto Portugal
Christoph Czaderski Empa Switzerland
Ulrike Dackermann UNSW Sydney Australia
Werner Daum BAM Germany
Laura De Lorenzis Università di Salento Italy
Ayşe Edinçliler Bagazici University Turkey
Raafat El-Hacha University of Calgary Canada
Tamer El-Maaddawy United Arab Emirates University UAE
Michael Fardis University of Patras Greece
Mariaenrica Frigione University of Salento Italy
Jing Gao Xiamen University China
Elyas Ghafoori Empa Switzerland
Amir K. Ghorbani-Tanha University of Tehran Iran
Caglar Goksu Istanbul Technical University Turkey
Issam E. Harik University of Kentucky USA
Rosemarie Helmerich BAM Germany
Alper Ilki Istanbul Technical University Turkey
Daniele Inaudi SMARTEC SA Switzerland
Thomas Keller EPFL Switzerland
Chul-Woo Kim Kyoto University Japan
Risto Kiviluoma WSP Finland Finland
Philipp Krooß University of Kassel Germany
Koichi Kusunoki University of Tokyo Japan
Arkadiusz Kwiecien University of Technology Poland
Janet Lees University of Cambridge UK
Dimitrios Lignos EPFL Switzerland
Enzo Martinelli University of Salerno Italy
Urs Meier Empa Switzerland
Julien Michels re-fer Switzerland
Ayaho Miyamoto Yamaguchi University Japan
Masoud Motavalli Empa Switzerland
Stuart Moy University of Southampton UK
John Myers Missouri University USA
Antonio Nanni University of Miami USA
Ehsan Noroozinejad Graduate University of Advanced Technology Iran
Alain Nussbaumer EPFL Switzerland
Piotr Omenzetter University of Aberdeen UK
Kutay Orakcal Bogazici University Turkey
Baki Ozturk Hacettepe University Turkey
Azadeh Parvin The University of Toledo USA
Yuri Petryna TU Berlin Germany
M. Dolores G. Pulido Eduardo Torroja Institute - CSIC Spain
Carlo Rabaiotti HSR Hochschule für Technik Rapperswil Switzerland
Muhammad Kalimur Rahman King Fahd University Saudi Arabia
Werner Rücker BAM Germany
Erdal Şafak KOERI Turkey
M. Saiid Saiidi University of Nevada USA
Prabir Sarker Curtin University Australia
Halil Sezen Ohio State University USA
Behrouz Shafei Iowa State University USA
Moslem Shahverdi Empa Switzerland
Ian F.C. Smith EPF Lausanne Switzerland
Scott Smith Southern Cross University Australia
Serdar Soyöz Boğaziçi University Turkey
Alexander Taffe HTW Germany
Björn Täljsten Lulea University of Technology Sweden
Kong Fah Tee University of Greenwich UK
Jin-Guang Teng The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Giovanni Terrasi Empa Switzerland
Thanasis Triantafillou University of Patras Greece
Tamon Ueda Hokkaido University Japan
Radu Vacareanu Technical University of Civil Engineering  Romania
Humberto Varum University of Aveiro Portugal
Xuan Hong Vu University Lyon 1 France
Y.F. Wu City University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
You-Lin Xu The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Ufuk Yazgan Istanbul Technical University Turkey
Xiao Ling Zhao Monash University Australia
Daia Zwicky HTA Fribourg Switzerland

Organising Committee

Name Company Country
Matthias Baeßler BAM Germany
Matthias Bartholmai BAM Germany
Werner Daum BAM Germany
Steffi Dehlau DGZfP Germany
Bernadette Havranek Empa Switzerland
Yuri Petryna TU Berlin Germany
Matthias Purschke DGZfP Germany
Robert Widmann Empa Switzerland


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